Our Lady of Kazan, also called Theotokos of Kazan, is a holy icon which the Russian Orthodox Church probably venerates the most. It has been considered a palladium of Russia for centuries. Two major cathedrals, in Moscow and in St. Petersburg, are consecrated in her name.
The icon was discovered on July 8, 1579, underground in the city of Kazan, after the Blessed Virgin Mary herself revealed its location to a little girl. The original icon was kept in one of the monasteries in Kazan, whereas its ancient and venerated copies have
been displayed at the Kazan Cathedrals of Moscow, Yaroslaw and St. Petersburg.
In the night on June29, 1904 the icon was stolen from a cathedral in Kazan where it had been kept for centuries. After the Russian Revolution of 1917, there were plenty of theories speculating that the original icon was in fact preserved in St Petersburg and later sold by the Bolsheviks abroad.
This icon is one of many modern icons modeled after the miraculous original.
The icon by the hand of Janusz Charczuk.
Egg tempera on wood, priming on textile, background 23 K gold leaf.
29.0 x 22.0 cm (11.5 x 8.5 in)